Basic Grammar



1. Cấu trúc câu cầu khiến sai, bảo ai làm điều gì:


Công thức chủ động

Công thức bị động

Ví dụ

- to have sb do sth

- to get sb to do sth

- to have sth done

- to get sth done

- Hey John!

- Yes, daddy.

- Our car is broken, can you call Mr. Smith down the road to come and fix it?

- OK dad. He said that we should bring the car to his garage and we will have it fixed after an hour.

- Great! Let’s go!


2. Cấu trúc câu cầu khiến ép buộc ai phải làm điều gì:

- to make sb do sth

- to force sb to do sth


  • Have you heard about the robbery at the bank downtown?
  • No, I haven’t. What happened?
  • It was 4 o’clock in the afternoon, everybody was working when the robbers rushed into the bank and they forced the employees to give them the money.
  • That’s terrible!
  • Yeah, the employees were so afraid because the robbers were holding guns. They ran away right after that, now the police are trying to find them.


3. Cấu trúc câu cầu khiến cho phép ai làm điều gì đó:

  • to let sb do sth
  • to permit / allow sb to do sth


  • Have you come to the new restaurant downtown?
  • No, is there anything interesting?
  • Of course. I went there yesterday. That restaurant lets us cook our own meal, they have food and recipes so we only need to follow them carefully.
  • Sounds fun! I should come there soon.


4. Cấu trúc câu cầu khiến khi giúp đỡ ai làm điều gì:

  • to help sb do / to do sth
  • to help do sth


         A:      Hi Jen, this is my friend, Marley. Marley, this is Jen.

          B:      Oh hi, nice to meet you Marley.

          C:      Nice to meet you too, Jen.

         A:      Marley is the boy from my class that I told you about. He helps me to do my assignments.

          B:      Ah yeah, I remember. That’s very kind of you, Marley.

          C:      You’re always welcome.


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